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Land of beautiful corners, the village of Felgueira, located in the parish of Arões, breathes the green nature of Serra da Freita and the clear blue waters of the Cabrum River.
Those who arrive can stroll along worn stone paths and ancient paths, where the granite houses, covered with slate, tell the story of an intensely rural life. Agricultural activity, much of it developed in terraces, gives a unique color to the landscape.
Annually two important religious festivals take place in the village: the Feast of São Tiago and Nossa Senhora da Liberação.
In terms of gastronomy, two traditional dishes stand out: arouquesa veal and Gralheira kid, which can be tasted in the village restaurant, Mira Freita. Take the opportunity to visit the exhibition and sale of handicrafts nearby.
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At the top of Castelões, in the Serra de Gestoso, Ms. da Saúde with “twenty-four windows” guides the afflicted, is a confidant of outbursts, disgust and pressing causes.
The Sanctuary, built in his honor, is flanked by a Natural Park, populated by leafy oaks and cork oaks, which serve as a shade for the long lunches held there at the time of the 15th August pilgrimage.
The history of Sra. Da Saúde was constructed as the paths that take us to the main altar of the chapel: ascending, along paths, sometimes winding, followed by pilgrims who, in small or large groups, were made to arrive to the Sanctuary in the 30s, 40s and 50s in the way that most shortened the distance.
The route that we present here, intends to dignify the swoops of yesteryear, being a path without car traffic and that wishes to pay homage to those who have passed, pass and will continue to pass, to pay promises to Mrs. da Saúde.
Estrada Velha, as it is called, was built around 1924, with the aim of improving the access of pilgrims to the Sanctuary, between Cartim and the top of the Serra.
Let us make this journey a pilgrimage. Through ancient ways we learn, in modern times, how to get to Sra da Saúde “at the top of Castelões”.
The PR2 pedestrian trail “À N. Sra da Saúde along paths of old,” starts next to the Igreja Matriz de S. Pedro de Castelões and intends to redo the old pilgrimage path to the Sanctuary of Nossa Senhora da Saúde.
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The village of Lomba is one of the most beautiful villages in Portugal, being perched on a promontory, and ending in a small peninsula where a church, a cemetery, several houses and more than 15 canastons are huddled.
This particular configuration, which resulted from three failures, framed the village on the three sides of the peninsula. The paths that leave from here go to the abandoned villages of Porqueiras, 1 km away, and Berlengas, 2 km away.
However, to get there, take the route “Na Vereda do Pastor” that begins in the village of Côvo, the highest in the municipality of Vale de Cambra, located on the southern slope of Serra da Freita. From the bottom of the place, you will follow towards Agualva by a narrow path, fitted between the last houses. This path begins to widen towards the Southeast, first descending and then rising smoothly.
When you reach the hill, you start to descend to the high voltage pole, then take an old path that leads to a leafy forest path and to Ribeira das Estacas. Here you will cross an interesting stone pier, after which you take a pleasant path, which leads to the place of Agualva. It was on this path that the population arrived in the Serra, especially in Côvo, to take the “cows to the ox”, a tradition that has fallen into disuse.
After that, continue to the village of Lomba, on the way to school and mass. Here you must not miss the granary nucleus and the Chapel of Nossa Senhora dos Milagres as well as Porqueiras, a remote village located at the bottom of the Ribeira de Agualva Valley, and where you can also enjoy the waterfall.
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From the village of Trebilhadouro, we will walk along the slopes of Serra da Freita and walk through the riverside landscape, next to the Engº Duarte Pacheco Dam, on the Caima River.
On the slopes of Serra da Freita, the green of pine and eucalyptus dominates and, next to the streams, the terraces that divide small agricultural land. It will not be difficult to observe species such as the woodpecker, the hawk, flocks of partridges, or the copper-colored mountain butterfly.
When you reach the Caima River, a little paradise awaits you on the left bank of the reservoir: the Levada de Santa Cruz develops among leafy forests, conducive to the growth of ferns and fungi and which are the perfect habitat for the Lizard water, the Iberian frog or the otter.
The village of Trebilhadouro, holder of the title of “Aldeia de Portugal”, has been uninhabited for decades, having been restored to rural tourism. It is perfectly integrated into the surrounding landscape and maintains the design of the Portuguese rural house in granite stone, a material that extends to the paths. Tradition says that the name derives from a treasure, formed by “three gold jugs”.
About 1km from the village, on a granite outcrop next to a small stream, are the engravings of Trebilhadouro. Engraved motifs include spirals, dimples, lines and weapons (probably a stone ax).
In Rôge, the religious complex comprising the Church of S. Salvador and Cruzeiro, classified as a National Monument, stands out since 1949. Both monuments have traces of the Baroque style, having been built in the middle of the 1945th century. The cruise was said to have been overturned by the cyclone storm of 1947, and restored in XNUMX.
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Located south of Vale de Cambra, the Serra do Arestal has a maximum altitude of 830 meters, also extending to the neighboring municipality of Sever do Vouga. In this mountain, important megalithic traces resist and you can see stunning landscapes that include the coast, from Espinho to the mountains of Boa Viagem, and the mountainous interior, from the mountains of Montemuro to the mountains of Estrela. It is part of the Gralheira Massif, along with Serra da Arada, São Macário and Freita.
This journey thus begins in Gestoso, in the Sanctuary of Senhora da Saúde, connecting to the PR2 “To Senhora da Saúde, in the old ways”.
After going through the Forest Park, at the rear of the Sanctuary, the route goes towards the Chapel of S. Tiago, at the top of the Serra. In this ridge are the municipalities of Vale de Cambra and Sever do Vouga, which is a place of worship and conviviality for both populations. The area surrounding the chapel has a Leisure Park with picnic tables. PR5 also takes you to the villages of Folhaense, Agros and Cabanes. In the landscape that also presents strong rural traits, it is possible to walk between home gardens and small villages that dot the landscape.
In 2001, the project to create a picnic and leisure park in the area surrounding the chapel was completed by the Junqueira, Dornelas and Rocas do Vouga parish councils.
According to the Preliminary Inventory of the Megalithic Monuments of Serra do Arestal, there are several Mamoas in the area where this route develops (about nine monuments), however they cannot be visited due to their advanced state of degradation that makes their visit impossible and interpretation.
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Paraduça is a small village in the parish of Arões, in the municipality of Vale de Cambra, located between the Serras da Arada and Arestal, on top of a hill where Ribeira de Paraduça runs in the West and Ribeira de Agualva in the Northeast. Both Ribeiras converge with the Teixeira River which flows east of the village.
The embedded valleys and the impressive biodiversity of these water courses in contrast to the unevenness of the mountain massif create a scenario of excellence, in which some corners stand out, such as the Poço do Linho waterfall, located at the entrance of the village, in Ribeira de Paraduça; the banks of the Ribeira de Agualva Valley, which hosts one of the most beautiful forests in the region, or the various Poços do Rio Teixeira, considered one of the best preserved rivers in Europe. To visit these places, consult more information on the Rota da Água e Pedra website (www.rota-ap.pt).
In 2004, 5 of the mills that served the village of Paraduça (Moinho do Cabo, das Bouças, Cavada, Burmeiral and Castelo) were recovered. All of them are fed by the same stream of water, originating in Ribeira de Paraduça, located in the Northwest of the Village, in an agricultural area.
When they were recovered by the Association for Tourism and Cultural Development of the village, the mills were mostly abandoned and in an accelerated state of degradation. Currently, four of these mills are in operation, being regularly used by the population, and a fifth mill has been externally recovered, however it does not have a grinding system.
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Starting at Praia Fluvial de Burgães, the first meters of this route follow the river Caima upstream, up to Malhô and take the entrance to irrigation channel nº1. From this point on, the route takes a circular route, developing on a flat terrain in a clockwise direction. Used to water the fields in the Cambra valley, these channels captured the water from the Caima river next to the Açude Moreira, transporting it over several kilometers!
After 2 km in this impressive irrigation channel (no. 1), the route leaves for the irrigation roundabout, goes up Av. Dr. António Fonseca and enters irrigation channel no. 2, developing at a slightly higher level to the previous channel. After 2,5 km on this ingenious trail, the route descends again to channel no. 1 to quickly return to Malhô and go back to Praia Fluvial.

The Burgães Irrigation Canals
About 3 km upstream of Praia Fluvial de Burgães is located the Santa Cruz fountain, which, taking advantage of the waters of a small tributary of the Caima River, once played an important role in supplying the local population. Between this fountain and the Eng. Duarte Pacheco Dam (Rôge), there is the Açude Moreira, also known as Padrastos Dam. The construction of the Moreira weir, 7 m high and 16 m crowned, allowed for the regularization of the flow of the Caima River and the collection of water for home supply in Vale de Cambra.
It is also in this dam that part of the water that supplies the Burgães irrigation network originates, which runs over 20 km of fields around Vale de Cambra. This pedestrian route, develops in a part of the mentioned irrigation network, namely: Irrigation Channel nº1: the lower channel (develops at a height of 240 m), which crosses Malhô, Burgães and Macinhata. Irrigation Channel nº2: the upper channel (develops at a height of 280 m), which crosses the upper part of Macinhata and Búzio. The importance of this irrigation network was such that there was an employee who worked every day on the irrigation channels, opening and closing gates, and a schedule that regulated the periods when the channels were used for the enjoyment of the various owners.
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WHAT TO VISIT

PELOURINHO MACIEIRA DE CAMBRA

XNUMXth century Manueline pillory, classified as a Building of Public Interest, located in Macieira de Cambra Square, in front of the Municipal Museum.

Coord. Google 40.855417 -8.377621

RIO CAIMA

The Caima River is the most important of the water courses in the municipality of Vale de Cambra, having at its source an imposing waterfall - Frecha da Mizarela - about 70 meters high.

Coord. Google 40.863865 -8.285637

DAM ENG. DUARTE PACHECO

The Eng. Duarte Pacheco Dam, is intended for the irrigation of the fertile fields in the lower part of the valley, the dam is a pleasant place, surrounded by greenery.

Coord. Google 40.850867 -8.351958 GPS 40º51'01.6''N 8º21'09.4''W

ANTA DA CERQUEIRA | OR MOURA STONE

In the heart of Serra da Freita is the parish of Arões, the Anta da Cerqueira I or Pedra Moura I stands out.

Coord. Google 40.783591 -8.305934

RUPESTRIC ENGRAVINGS

In the parish of Cepelos, in Gatão, an archaeological site with rock engravings is located. The archeosite is made up of two granite outcrops and will have obtained the designation "Risks" and included in the so-called "Atlantic Art".

Coord. Google 40.837221 -8.327817

SOBITY ENGRAVINGS - TREBILHADOURO

Archeosite located in the parish of Rôge, in Sobidade, next to the village of Trebilhadouro, also a site with rock engravings, which is part of the “Atlantic Art”.

Coord. Google 40.873007 -8.337587

MAIN RECTANGLE OF THE RÓGE MATRIX

This main altarpiece was built in the second half of the XNUMXth century. It is inserted in the late Baroque and Rococo period.

Coord. Google 40.852985 -8.354182

CHAPEL OF OUR LADY OF DESERT AND CRUISE

Built in the second half of the XNUMXth century, it is located in the Function Park - Rôge.

Coord. Google 40.855988 -8.329238

PARISH ROCK CRUISE

Located at the bottom of the parish churchyard, this cruise was built in the XNUMXth century. An example of Joanine Baroque architecture, it is probably the best monument of this type in the whole country.

Coord. Google 40.853014 -8.356222

SANTO ANTÓNIO DE LISBOA

Built in the city center, it is a work of excellent sculptural value, reminiscent of the patron saint of the municipality.
It is considered one of the best works on Santo António, executed in the XNUMXth century.

Coord. Google 40.848966 -8.394639

MACIEIRA DE CAMBRA MUSEUM

Installed in the old Town Halls, it houses the county's heritage and a center of historical documentation.

Coord. Google 40.846055 -8.394828

BURGAES FLUVIAL BEACH

Leisure space with children's garden, changing rooms and picnic tables.

Coord. Google 40.832899 -8.390377

PAÇO DE MATO FLUVIAL BEACH

Bucolic space for bathing and snacking.

Coord. Google 40.854148 -8.305070

LEVED

Visit the levadas along the Caima River, which are part of the Water and Stone Route.

WALKING TOUR

Script for contemporary art in the city center.

INTERPRETATION CENTER FOR STONE STONES

Pedras Parideiras is the name attributed to the small granite outcrop, which contains dark nodules that are highlighted, hence the allusion to the “stone that stops stone”, which can be understood through the visualization of 3D film in the auditorium. Enjoy visiting the village of Castanheira.

Coord. Google 40.850315 -8.282838

MIZARELA FRECHA

Waterfall in the Caima River, more than 70 meters high, considered the largest in Portugal.

Coord. Google 40.863991 -8.285784

METEOROLOGICAL RADAR

Belonging to the IPMA, it is located at Pico do Gralheiro, with a superb view over the entire Serra da Freita Plateau and the Atlantic.

Coord. Google 40.844497 -8.278320

PAIVA PASSADIENCES

An 8 km walk along the Paiva River.

Coord. Espiunca 40.992923 -8.211245 - Areinho 40.953052 -8.177323

YOU CAN ALSO VISIT

- CASCADE DAS PORQUIRAS
- LINEN WELL CASCADE
- SANTUARIO Nª SRA SAUDE
- MATRIZ CHURCH OF THE HOLY SAVIOR AND RETABLE - RÔGE
- PONTE DO CASTÊLO - RÔGE
- AÇUDE MOREIRA - RÔGE
- ASSOCIATION DR. MANUEL LUCIANO DA SILVA